Plant Vogtle 3 and 4
Plant Vogtle units 3 & 4 will be the first in the industry to use the Westinghouse AP1000 advanced pressurized water reactor technology. This advanced technology allows nuclear cores to be cooled even in the absence of operator interventions or mechanical assistance. The AP1000 is the safest and most economical nuclear power plant available in the worldwide commercial marketplace, and is the only Generation III+ reactor to receive Design Certification from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).
Vogtle Units 3 & 4 will be the first new nuclear units built in the U.S. in the last three decades. Watch and read about the construction progress using the links below.
Plant Vogtle 3 & 4 Construction Videos
Vogtle 3 & 4 Milestones 2017
Second accumulator tank placed inside Unit 3 containment vessel
On Aug. 19, the second accumulator tank was successfully placed inside the Unit 3 containment vessel. Each AP1000 unit requires two accumulator tanks – the first Unit 3 accumulator tank was placed late last month.
Each tank weighs 85,000 pounds and is approximately 17 feet long, 16 feet wide and 17 feet tall. Part of the AP1000 passive core cooling system, accumulators are spherical tanks of borated water inside the containment vessel. In the event of a loss of reactor coolant, the tanks are designed to provide a high rate of coolant flow into the reactor for several minutes.
Construction progress continues with placement of Unit 4 CA01 Pressurizer Bay
The CA01 Pressurizer Bay was successfully placed in the Unit 4 containment vessel on Aug. 18. The component is 60 feet tall, 40 feet wide and weighs 240,000 pounds.
The achievement follows last week’s successful placement of the Unit 3 steam generator and continues positive momentum during the past few weeks. For example, the KQ22 and KQ23 modules, as well as both accumulator tanks, were recently placed in the Unit 3 containment vessel.
Steam generator successfully placed into Unit 3 containment
The first steam generator was successfully placed into Unit 3 containment on Aug. 15. There are two steam generators per unit in the AP1000 design.
The 1.4 million pound, 78-feet long component was the first lift with the new Lampson crane, which will be used for major lifts going forward.
Steam generators are heat exchangers used to convert water into steam from heat produced in the nuclear reactor core. Each generator is a vertical-shell U-tube evaporator with integral moisture separating equipment. Simply put, high temperature water from the reactor coolant system flows through more than 10,000 tiny tubes in the steam generator and turns water into high pressure steam to spin the turbines.
Accumulator tank A successfully placed inside Unit 3 containment
The first accumulator tank was successfully placed inside the Unit 3 containment vessel on July 26. Each AP1000 unit requires two accumulator tanks.
Part of the AP1000 passive core cooling system, accumulators are spherical tanks of borated water inside the containment vessel. In the event of a loss of reactor coolant, the tanks are designed to provide a high rate of coolant flow into the reactor for several minutes.
Each tank weighs 85,000 pounds and is approximately 17 feet long, 16 feet wide and 17 feet tall. The tanks are manufactured in Italy by Mangiarotti, a manufacturer of components for nuclear plants and oil and gas drilling.
Georgia Power finalizes new service agreement for Vogtle nuclear expansion
Georgia Power has finalized a new service agreement with Westinghouse for the Vogtle nuclear expansion – the first new nuclear units to be built in the United States in more than 30 years. Previously, Westinghouse, the developer of the AP1000 nuclear technology being used by the new units, served as the primary contractor with oversight and responsibility for all construction activities.
Under the new service agreement, approved by the U.S. Department of Energy on July 27, Southern Nuclear (the Southern Company subsidiary which operates the existing units at Plant Vogtle) will oversee construction activities at the site.
The scope of the service agreement includes engineering, procurement and licensing support from Westinghouse, as well as access to Westinghouse intellectual property needed for the project. Under the new structure, hundreds of Georgia Power and Southern Nuclear employees, many who are already aligned with the project, will assume clearly defined project management roles.
Georgia Power also continues work with the project’s Co-owners (Oglethorpe Power, MEAG Power and Dalton Utilities) to complete a full-scale schedule and cost-to-complete analysis of the project. Once complete, Georgia Power will work with the Georgia Public Service Commission to determine the best path forward for customers.
Following the Westinghouse bankruptcy filing on March 29, construction momentum has continued uninterrupted.
Placement of Unit 4 Shield Building Panels
Another key construction milestone was achieved at Vogtle 3 and 4 with the placement of six panels at the Unit 4 Shield Building. Following this first panel placement – referred to as the “Course 1” placement – the panels were then filled with 410 cubic yards of concrete.
The Unit 4 Shield Building is made of steel and concrete in what is known as a steel composite design that is about 150 feet high and about three feet thick.
A typical panel is 37 feet long, 10 feet high, three feet thick and weighs approximately 30,600 pounds. Comprised of more than 160 individual steel panels, the shield building provides structural support to the containment cooling water supply and protects the containment vessel, which houses the reactor vessel and associated equipment.
Vogtle 3 & 4 Milestones 2016 - 2013
February - The safe placement of eight new shield building panels for Unit 3. The shield building will encapsulate the containment vessel and is comprised of more than 160 individual steel panels.
May - The last of the "Big 6" modules - CA02 and CA03 are placed. The modules, weighing 52 tons and 237 tons, respectively, are critical components and part of the In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank.
June - The safe placement of the CA05 module jumpstarted activities in June as the 90-ton module is a key component that provides critical structural support for the containment building. Crews also completed vertical construction of the 600-foot Unit 4 cooling tower.
August - One of the heaviest lifts of the project took place when the 2 million-pound or 1,000 ton, CA20 module was placed.
October - The first class of Vogtle 3 & 4 nuclear operators passed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensing exam, ensuring that licensed, qualified operators are in place prior to nuclear fuel loading and the plant start up.
November - With the receipt of the final National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), or water discharge, permit by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division, all major permits are now in place for the new units.
November /December - The nuclear construction team concluded the year on a high note with the placement of the second containment vessel ring for Unit 3. Other major lifts included the setting of both the 612,000-pound Unit 3 reactor vessel and 2-million pound Unit 4 CA01 module.
December - The Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) unanimously approved an agreement between Georgia PSC staff and Georgia Power, confirming the prudent investment of $5.68 billion by the company in the Vogtle nuclear expansion. Under the agreement, all capital costs incurred by the company up to $5.68 billion, including $3.3 billion invested through the end of 2015 and the $350 million settlement agreement with the project's contractors will be presumed to be reasonable and prudent. The agreement fairly balances the company's contribution with customer benefits and is expected to deliver approximately $325 million in savings to customers during the construction period, while keeping the project's overall projected rate impact to customers at 6 to 8 percent.
June - The second steam generator for Unit 3, steam generator A, arrived safely to the Vogtle construction site on June 7. Like its counterpart that was delivered in March, this massive component was fabricated in South Korea, shipped to the Port of Savannah and then delivered by railcar to the Vogtle site. Units 3 and 4 will each have two steam generators, which are heat exchangers used to convert water into steam from heat produced in the nuclear reactor core. Both of the Unit 4 steam generators are being prepared for delivery in the coming months.
March - The Unit 3 steam generator B arrived via rail at the Plant Vogtle construction site March 23, completing its journey from South Korea. The component, weighing 1.3 million pounds and measuring 82 feet in length, is the first of four steam generators that will arrive in the coming months. After arriving in the port of Savannah, the steam generator was offloaded onto a specially designed railcar for the 118-mile trip to the Vogtle site. Officials said it was the heaviest lift ever for the Savannah port.
December - The Vogtle Unit 3 cooling tower reached its final height of 601 feet.
October - The project team successfully placed the 180,000-pound CA05 module into the Unit 3 nuclear island. The CA05 structural module is housed within the Unit 3 containment building and is comprised of reinforced steel plates that will be filled with concrete to provide structural support for the containment building. In addition to providing structural support, the protective walls of CA05 will also separate various rooms in containment.
October - The 1.9 million-pound lower ring was set on top of the Unit 3 containment vessel bottom head. Measuring more than 50 feet tall, the lower ring was one of the largest lifts of the project.
May - The Unit 4 containment vessel bottom head (CVBH) was successfully placed into that unit's nuclear island. The CVBH weighs more than 1.8 million pounds, or 900 tons, and is nearly 38 feet tall and 130 feet wide. The component consists of dozens of individual steel plates and was fabricated on site by CB&I, the project's contractor.
March - The Vogtle 3 and 4 project team successfully placed the CA20 module into the Unit 3 nuclear island. Weighing more than 2.2 million pounds, or 1,100 tons, and towering more than five stories tall, the module is the heaviest "lift" of the project to date. With a footprint of approximately 67 feet long by 47 feet wide, the critical module will house various plant components, including the used fuel storage area.
February - The 460-ton CR10 module, or cradle, is lifted into the Unit 4 nuclear island using the heavy lift derrick.
February - Approximately 5,300 cubic yards of self-consolidating concrete is placed under the Unit 3 containment vessel bottom head (CVBH) in a continuous pour that lasted 35 hours. The concrete will provide support for the CVBH and be part of the foundation for the shield building.
December - The CA04 module, also known as the reactor vessel cavity, was lifted into the Unit 3 nuclear island.
November - The National Nuclear Accrediting Board (NNAB) awarded initial accreditation for the Vogtle 3 and 4 Maintenance and Technical Training Programs.
November - First nuclear concrete placed for Unit 4 basemat.
September - The 717-ton condenser A lower shell is placed into the Vogtle Unit 3 turbine island.
August - Vogtle Unit 4 deaerator arrives on site.
June - Containment vessel bottom head placed into Unit 3 nuclear island.
April - CR10 cradle placed in Unit 3 nuclear island.
March - First nuclear concrete placed for Unit 3 basemat.
February - Vogtle Unit 3 deaerator arrives on site.
Vogtle 3 & 4 Milestones 2012 - 2005
October - Vogtle 3 and 4 project surpasses 10 million work hours at the site.
August - Load test for the Heavy Lift Derrick is completed.
February - Nuclear Regulatory Commission issues Construction and Operating Licenses for Vogtle units 3 and 4.
February - The condenser for Unit 3 arrives on-site in the first rail delivery of components for the Vogtle 3 and 4 project.
December - The Nuclear Regulatory Commission certified Westinghouse Electric Co.'s AP1000 reactor design.
August - Southern Nuclear received the Final Safety Evaluation Report from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's technical staff for the Combined Construction and Operating License for Vogtle units 3 and 4.
August - Training classes began at a new state-of-the-art facility built for initial and continuing training of Vogtle units 3 and 4 employees.
August - The Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued the Final Safety Evaluation Report for Westinghouse Electric Company's AP1000 reactor design.
July - The first AP1000 component, a floor section of a very large structural module that ultimately will become the plant's auxiliary building, was delivered by Shaw Modular Solutions to the Vogtle 3 and 4 site.
April - The mudmats for units 3 and 4 are poured.
March - The Nuclear Regulatory Commission completed its Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (FSEIS) for a Limited Work Authorization (LWA) and the Combined Construction and Operating Licenses (COL) for the Vogtle units 3 and 4. The NRC, in its FSEIS, concluded that there are no environmental impacts that would preclude issuing the LWA and COLs for construction and operation of the proposed reactors at the site.
June - Southern Company and the Department of Energy (DOE) announced that the company's Georgia Power subsidiary has reached an agreement with DOE to accept terms for a conditional commitment for loan guarantees for Vogtle units 3 and 4.
March - Safety-related construction began with the first placement of backfill soil into the area excavated for Unit 3.
February - President Obama and DOE Secretary Steven Chu announce the award of conditional loan guarantees for Vogtle Units 3 and 4. The DOE loan guarantees are expected to save Georgia Power's customers millions in interest costs annually over the expected life of any guaranteed borrowing.
August - Excavation of the area where the new units are planned began at the plant site.
August - Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 received an ESP from the NRC. The Vogtle ESP is the first in the industry to reference a specific technology and to come with a Limited Work Authorization (LWA) which allows limited safety-related construction at the site prior to receiving the COL.
July - Southern Nuclear begins training Operations instructors for Vogtle Units 3 and 4.
June - Southern Nuclear cleared another hurdle in the licensing process for new units at Plant Vogtle when the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Atomic Safety and Licensing Board issued its ruling on contentions related to the Early Site Permit (ESP) application. The ASLB ruled in favor of Southern Nuclear and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff in all cases.
May - Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 were named NuStart's reference plant for AP1000 technology.
April -- Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue signed into law Senate Bill 31, which allows Georgia Power to recover financing costs during the construction of nuclear units while they're being built, plus reducing the plant's costs to customers.
April - Georgia Power provided the Westinghouse-Shaw consortium full notice to proceed on Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4. Shaw and Westinghouse began mobilizing at the plant site and performing activities to support construction.
March - The NRC's ASLB held its hearings to review contentions on the Plant Vogtle ESP.
March - Georgia Power received certification from the Georgia Public Service Commission to build new units at the site.
November - Southern Nuclear was notified that five petitioners filed a petition to intervene in the COL application that the company filed for new units at Plant Vogtle. The groups are Atlanta Women's Action for New Direction (WAND), Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League (BREDL), Center for a Sustainable Coast, Savannah Riverkeeper and Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE).
May - Georgia Power submitted a nuclear self-build option to the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) to meet demand in the 2016-2017 timeframe. The company received no other bids in response to its 2016-2017 baseload capacity request for proposals. The Georgia PSC rules require market bids to be compared with self-build proposals, but no market bids were received.
April - Georgia Power entered into an Engineering, Procurement and Construction contract with the Westinghouse-Shaw consortium to construct two Westinghouse AP1000 units at the site. This agreement was signed on April 8, 2008.
March - Southern Nuclear filed a Combined Construction and Operating License (COL) application with the NRC for new units at the Vogtle site.
March - The NRC's Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (ASLB) announced that it will allow a group of organizations to intervene in the ESP process for new units at Plant Vogtle. This announcement came following a pre-hearing in February where the ASLB reviewed information presented by the intervenors.
December - A group of organizations filed a petition to intervene in the ESP for Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4. The groups are Atlanta Women's Action for New Direction (WAND), Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League (BREDL), Center for a Sustainable Coast, Savannah Riverkeeper and Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE).
August - Southern Nuclear filed an Early Site Permit (ESP) for new units at the Plant Vogtle site.
January - Southern Nuclear selects Westinghouse AP1000 technology for new units at the Plant Vogtle site.
August - Southern Nuclear announced its intent to file an ESP or pre COL application in the summer of 2006.
August - Southern Nuclear announced, on behalf of the Plant Vogtle co-owners, that it had officially informed the NRC that it had selected the Plant Vogtle site to evaluate for possible new nuclear generation.
August - The Energy Policy Act of 2005 was signed into law.
July - Southern Nuclear notified the NRC of a potential site selection for its ESP application. That site was Plant Vogtle.
February - Southern Nuclear sent a notice of intent letter to the NRC stating its intent to submit an application for an Early Site Permit for a new nuclear plant. At that time, the company said that no site had been selected for new nuclear generation.
Vogtle 3 & 4
- Fact Sheet
- Vogtle Timeline Videos
- Construction Photos
- CA01 Timelapse
- CA20 Timelapse
- Unit 4 Basemat Time-lapse Video
- CVBH Time-lapse Video
- Condenser Time-lapse Video
- Press Releases
- Vogtle 3 and 4 Brochure
- 2015 Vogtle 3 and 4 Fun Facts
- Aerial Schematic
- Artist Rendering